Keep this in mind the next time you either hear or are about to repeat a rumour!
In ancient Greece (469-399 BC), Socrates was well known for his wisdom. One day the great philosopher came upon an acquaintance who said excitedly,
“Socrates, do you know what I just heard about one of your students?”
“Wait a moment,” Socrates replied. “Before you talk to me about my student, it might be a good idea to take a moment and filter what you’re going to say. The first filter is Truth. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?”
“No,” the man said, “actually I just heard about it and ...”
“Alright,” said Socrates. “So you don’t really know if it’s true or not. Now let’s try the second filter, the filter of Goodness. Is what you are about to tell me about my student something good?”
“No, on the contrary …”
“So,” Socrates continued, “you want to tell me something bad about him, but you’re not certain it’s true. You may still pass the test though, because there’s one filter left: the filter of Usefulness. Is what you want to tell me about my student going to be useful to me?”
“No, not really.”
“Well,” concluded Socrates, “if what you want to tell me neither true nor good nor even useful, why tell it to me at all?”
This is the reason Socrates was a great philosopher and held in such high esteem.
It also explains why he never found out that Plato was banging his wife.